Culemborg, Fort aan het Spoel.
Dutch defence line from 1940, Vesting Holland, Front Oost, Groep Lek, Fort aan het Spoel.
Close to Culemborg on the Goilberdingen dijk lies the old Dutch fortification Fort aan het Spoel, built in 1794. In 1815 it became an important position in the so called "Oude and Nieuwe Hollandsche Waterlinie"(Old and New Dutch water defence line, OHW / NHW) till 1951.
On the eve of WWII, in 1939-1940, the Fort and the surrounding area were mobilised and changed into a defence line in case of war. The Dutch built in and around the Fort bunkers like the Pyramide and G-kazemat, in conjunction with the other locations along the near Diefdijk.
Behind the Fort lies a shooting range, that was built during the time the Fort was also in active service around WWI in 1914-1918. The Germans re-used it during the war as a sort of long distance shooting range.
The Fort aan het Spoel is restored in 2010 and is now a days open for visits and activities. Some buildings are for rent or are in use by an artist. A new restaurant completes to setting into a nice place to visit and look around.
2x Dutch G-kazemat, with steel cupola for MG.
8x Dutch Pyramide group shelter.
1x Dutch tank barrier, "versperringsblokken"
2x Old Dutch fortification buildings.
1x Dutch shooting range.