Dutch Cold War IJssellinie
In Oosterbeek-Arnhem near the railroad-bridge on private property, you find a Koch-observation bunker. The nearby viaduct for cars under the rail track is also a place where during the battle Market Garden in Arnhem/Oosterbeek heavy fighting took place. You can still see a lot of bullet holes in the viaduct.
In Arnhem near the former Elisabeth Gasthuis, on the hill near the river Rhine, you find another Koch-observation bunker. A 100 meters further in the public-garden of the Museum voor Moderne Kunsten (Modern Art) you find the last two Koch bunkers. All the locations have/had a marvellous view over the river Rhine and the land behind it. All the bunkers have been closed.
These Koch-bunkers are developed by a German Gauleiter E. Koch. Some measurements: diameter 140cm, height 170cm, thickness 10cm, cover 20cm, entrance 75/75cm.
These bunkers have been placed here during the Cold War time as part of the IJssel line.,A bigger defence line on several locations along the rivers Rhine and IJssel.
See for more information about the IJssel line, click here Olst
4x Koch-observation bunker.